Aloneness or Loneliness?

Another article about the loneliness epidemic?


I just want to get this point clear:  

Being-alone and feeling-lonely are not the same thing.

I love my solitude and I am never bored or depressed when I am by myself. I feel closely connected to few others and enjoy just the right size of active social life.

Why it is then that such aloneness is so often mistaken for loneliness?

Here’s how Dutch sociologist Dr. Jong-Gierveld describes the different types of aloneness :

  1. As positive and voluntary solitude (as in such times when you choose to go on a creative or contemplative retreat).
  2. As existential crisis-invoked withdrawal (maybe you’ve suffered a health crisis and need time to recover).
  3. As loneliness, the feeling of being completely left out and isolated. An emotional loneliness is the absence of an intimate attachment to others and social loneliness is the absence of engaging social network.

Now toss in these demographic elements for aloneness:

  • By choice – solo agers who are single and childless by choice or circumstances.
  • No choice – ‘abrupt’ singles because of later-in-life circumstance such as widowhood, divorce, and even after retiring from an all-consuming career.

Ah, so there’s the misconception. The Media is saturated with reports about the 60+ population as suffering from later-in-life loneliness. Loneliness is indeed a serious issue, but as J.R.R .Tolkien once said – “Not all those who wander are lost.

It’s good to note that those who chose to be solos have developed lifelong strategies that allow them to maintain their preference for daily routine of solitude and at the same time avoid feeling lonely. And those who later-in-life became ‘abrupt’ singles are more vulnerable, need to learn new adaptive skills, and are more likely to welcome company and support.

And at any time, developing even few intentional and high quality social connections can be a resilience booster as well as have overall positive effect on well-being.

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